Iguazu, which means “big water” in the Guarani language, is the name of the famous waterfalls where the Iguazu River pushes its impressive flow from 70 meters high, through 275 falls and for almost 2.7 km.
Surrounding the waterfalls is the Iguazu National Park, an area declared by UNESCO as World Heritage Site for the preservation of native flora and fauna.
It’s multifaceted landscape which is ideal for tourism: waterfalls, forests, rivers, cascades, historical ruins, beautiful roads and a unique contrast between the bright green of the vegetation and the strong reddish tones of the missionary land.
Puerto Iguazú: It is Iguazu Waterfall tourist town, provides a full hotel and gastronomic offerings to welcome visitors from around the world.
The Iguazu Falls can be visited coming from the Argentinian side and from the Brazilian side.
Iguazu National Park (Argentina) and Iguassu park (Brazil) entrances are located several kilometers away therefore it is necessary to stay a minimum of two days in this destiny to be able to visit both parks.
Iguazu National Park (Argentina): located 17kms from Puerto Iguazú, it has two runway circuits, upper circuit and lower circuit, the different decks allow the tourist to approach on foot different waterfalls, to visit the circuits the entrance tickets is enough and there is no need of a tourist guide, easy to be done no expertise required.
The park offers Specialized Guide services (available at the entrance of the park). They are super nice and will enlighten any tourist with valuable information about the natural surroundings, without a guide many details of this amazing jungle escape from the untrain sight.
Inside the park, Iguazú Jungle Explorer, offers you three optional, adventurous excursions:
Nautical Adventure: a trip over the lower Iguazú River Canyon, going along the edge of San Martín Island, where the boat approaches at the foot of Three Musketeers Falls, a very wet and thrilling experience.
Great Adventure: this option combines the Nautical Adventure with a pickup truck trip around the jungle (5km) with bilingual guides.
Nautical Excursion: a serene trip in a rowboat over the higher Iguazú River, setting off from the Devil’s Throat station.
Iguassú Park (Brazil): located 26km from Puerto Iguazú. A few km from Puerto Iguazú, the Argentina-Brazil border crosses, inmigration check point is mandatory.
This Park is very different on the Argentinian side, because it offers panoramic views of waterfalls, it can be covered in half day and take advantage to visit the Das Aves Park (Brazil) on the same day, located just in front of the enrace of the park.
Going back to Puerto Iguazú (Argentina) other locations of interest are:
“Guira Oga park” (route 12, km 5) “The house of birds” in Guaran language, it is the recovery and breeding birds center, which provides a very interesting walk into the jungle.
Hito Tres Fronteras: Puerto Iguazú is located in the extreme northwest of Argentina, in this point the river Parana and Iguazu are the natural borders between Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. This point offers a panoramic view of the two neighbouring countries.
The Aripuca (route 12, km 4.5): it is an Agro-Eco Tourism Complex, built with rescued trees. It is inspired by a Guarani typical trap.
Wanda Mines (40km from Puerto Iguazú): it is a site of semiprecious stones.
Ruins of San Ignacio (237 km from Puerto Iguazú): San Ignacio Mine is one of the first Jesuit reductions, its imposing vestiges reveal the extent of missionary activity in the region.
Travel Tips in Puerto Iguazú:
Travel agencies offer transfer and excursion packages along with accommodation, it can be suitable for large groups .
If you are organizing the trip on your own, and one or more people are travelling with you, I suggest to hire a taxi (cab) at the bus station or airport and coordinate with him the transfers to the parks. Traveling by taxi (cab) is reliable and they provide affordable prices, in addition you have got the freedom to visit the parks at your own pace, and you will avoid the waiting for the group and stoping in all the hotels befores getting there.
For those who travel alone, a taxi services can be more expensive, so you can hire a tour group for both parks; or to the Iguazu National Park (Argentinian) you may take the bus which runs frequently from the center of Puerto Iguazu by Route 12, within only a 30 minute trip.
It is very important to keep in mind that when you visit the Iguassu Park (Brazil) you need to cross the border and carry out the migration proceedings. Do not forget the statutory documentation (passport, visas, and pe rmits).
Accommodation in Puerto Iguazú:
To lodge in Puerto Iguazu there are several hotels along Route 12, km 5, several in the city center, and various near the Landmark of the Three Frontiers (Hito Tres Fronteras). If you lodge along the km 5, keep in mind that the city center is not very close, even though you can easily arrive by taxi or by bus in 10 minutes.
Puerto Iguazú’s climate is subtropical, hot and humid most of the year, except some winter days that can get cold. In summer, days can be extremely hot and humid, it is vital to stay hydrated, as persons who are not used can suffer a heatstroke or dehydration.
Most of the hotels have swimming pools and it is a pleasure to plunge after returning from the parks’ visits.
Do not forget the hat, the swimsuit, insect repellent and the sunscreen.
Useful information about Puerto Iguazú
Distance from Buenos Aires: 1,234 km
Flight time: 1.30 hours
Hours by bus: 16-17 hours
Average summer temperature: 20°C/32°C
Average winter temperature: 23°C/11°C